Frequently Asked Questions

In the heart’s section, when an artery is blocked, it hinders oxygen-rich blood to pass through thus, occurring a heart attack. The section of the heart that was blocked will cause the artery that’s normally getting nourished, to die.

Symptoms of a heart attack is considered to be extreme and instant. Before a heart attack can occur, more often, it can be constant for hours, days and even weeks. When a person is experiencing a heart attack, it usually does not stop, contrary to cardiac arrest. The symptoms can be different for men and women in experiencing a heart attack.

Cardiac arrest can happen at any given moment without any warnings. This is due to arrhythmia or an irregular heartbeat that can be caused by electrical failure in the heart. With all of this happening at once and the pumping of blood getting damaged, other organs such as the lungs and the brain will not function. With no pulse, the person can lose consciousness and will die if left untreated.

Heart attack happens when an artery is blocked due to a blood clot caused by plaque ruptures that formed around the arterial wall.  Coronary arteries are in charge of supplying the heart with blood and oxygen, so when a heart attack occurs, some parts of the heart muscle dies due to the lack of blood flow around the artery.

Cardiac arrest happens when the heart suddenly stops producing blood inside the body and can be fatal. This may come suddenly and can lead to death if left untreated. CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is one of the quickest response action that can help a person if he or she is experiencing cardiac arrest.

Heart attack and cardiac arrest are linked to each other. Heart attack increases the risk for sudden cardiac arrest.

CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an emergency procedure done to a person who is experiencing cardiac arrest, heart attack or even near drowning. CPR is a lifesaving technique where you will use a combination of chest compression with artificial ventilation. The rescuer can instead, breath for the victim that can still help in circulating the blood throughout their body.  It can also double or triple the survival rate of the person experiencing cardiac arrest.  For more information on how to do CPR, visit the Emergency Situations page.

  • The person is unresponsive.
  • Their heart has stopped beating.
  • Their skin turns pale or blue.

For more information on how to aid someone else during heart crisis and heart disease symptoms, visit the Emergency Situations page.

You can feel pressure, tightness, shortness of breath and pain as if there’s someone squeezing your chest. This tends to spread on every part of your upper body. You may also start sweating and start having symptoms around the stomach area like indigestion and abdominal pain.

This is  more commonly experienced by elderly people and those with diabetes. Heart attack can sometimes be subtle and vague. It’s better to consult your doctor if you sense something is off or experiencing the symptoms of a heart attack.

For more information on how to aid someone else during heart crisis and heart disease symptoms, visit the Emergency Situations page.

Your doctor can tell if you have coronary artery disease after:

  • He learns your symptoms, medical history, and risk factors
  • A physical exam.

Diagnostic tests, including an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), echocardiogram, exercise stress tests, electron beam (ultrafast) CT scans, cardiac catheterization, and others. These tests help your doctor know the extent of your coronary heart disease, its effect on your heart, and the best treatment for you.

For more information, visit the Diagnosis and Treatments page.

Lifestyle changes:

  • Quit Smoking
  • Exercise regularly
  • Lessen processed food and more on a low-trans-fat, low-salt and low-sugar diet
  • If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar
  • Reduce stress


  • ACE (Angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor
  • Anticoagulants
  • Antiplatelet drugs
  • Beta-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Clot-dissolving drugs
  • Diuretics
  • Morphine
  • Nitrates
  • Ranolazine
  • Statins

Surgeries and other procedures:

  • Bypass Surgery
    • Beating heart surgery
    • Arrested heart surgery
  • Minimally Invasive Treatments
    • Coronary balloon angioplasty
    • Stenting

Innovative ways to treat heart disease as studied by doctors:

  • Angiogenesis
  • EECP (Enhanced External Counterpulsation)

For more information, visit the Diagnosis and Treatments page.

  • Study and learn about the symptoms and causes of your heart disease
  • Immediately call 911 if you or someone starts feeling any symptoms of heart attack, stroke, or cardiac arrest

For more information on how to aid someone else during heart crisis and heart disease symptoms, visit the Emergency Situations page.

Being active physically will help strengthen heart muscle, improves blood flow to the brain and internal organs, and improves overall health and well being. What can you do is consult your doctor on whether what kind of exercise would be necessary. Majority of the people can walk, and any amount of walking is good for the health.

Cholesterol comes from liver and some from certain foods. The amount of cholesterol coming from the liver is reduced by Statins. This did the level of blood cholesterol which reduces the amount of cholesterol delivered in the arteries. Continuous eating of high cholesterol foods and saturated fats will decrease the effectivity of statin and much worse, may even raise the cholesterol level. What an individual can do is limit intakes of cholesterol and saturated fats in order for the statin to be effective.

Blood pressure rises with age but It is clearly not good. This happens because artery walls gets stiffer overtime while aging. The stiffer it gets, the harder the heart pumps. Blood pounding against the artery walls damage it overtime and making the heart muscle become less effective and pumps harder  to supply the body’s need for blood. This further damages the arteries and invites fat into the artery walls. This is how high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. What an individual can do is to check your blood pressure. If it reaches 140/90 millimetres of mercury, consult a doctor.

This medication reduces blood sugar levels. Keeping blood sugar levels normal is essential for preventing complications that can affect the smaller blood vessels such as kidney disease, loss of vision erectile dysfunction and nerve damage. However, blood sugar control is less effective in the large blood vessels that are inflamed and diseased, which increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. What an individual can do is that take medications for diabetes in order to prevent microvascular comp of complications. Avoid smoking and drop excess weight.

Vitamins E, C and beta carotene lowers the risk of heart disease. However, it fails the clinical trial to confirm benefits as there were no conclusions to be drawn. The American heart association also mentioned that there is no scientific evidence to justify using these vitamins to treat or prevent cardiovascular disease.What an individual can do is that vitamins and minerals are best absorbed when it was acquired through foods. To ensure getting the necessary vitamins and minerals, avoid over the counter supplements and eat a wide variety of nutritious foods.

A smoker will gain benefits starting from the minute of quitting. After one year of quitting, risk of heart attack will do by 50%; in 10 years, it will be the same as if the moment a smoker never smoked. What an individual can do is quit smoking as soon as possible.

What an individual can do is regardless of gender, ask a doctor to conduct some heart examinations which includes checking cholesterol level and blood pressure. Follow the doctor’s recommendations.

It’s true you should eat food low in saturated fat, partially hydrogenated fat, and trans fat. However, other fats such as unsaturated fats in vegetable oils gives benefits. Eating fish high in omega 3 day acid can help lose the risk of heart disease. What an individual can do is to include consumption of low fat dairy products, fatty fishes, nuts and olive oil in your diet. When it comes to meat, make sure the cuts are lean, and remove the skin from your poultry.

A small heart attack may not be a big deal in terms of how the heart is functioning well. It may even pass unnoticed. However it’s a huge warning sign that a serious heart examination, the next heart attack may be the cause of the person’s death.What an individual can do is control and maintain weight, cholesterol, and blood pressure to normal and visit the doctor regularly.

Small amounts of red wine are linked to more health benefits than any other alcoholic beverage. People who drink approximately 150 ml (5 oz) of red wine a day seem to be at about a 32% lower risk than non-drinkers. However, higher intake increases the risk of heart disease dramatically. Drinking small amounts of red wine may reduce the risk of heart disease by helping to retain the “good” HDL cholesterol in the blood. Oxidative damage and the oxidation of the “bad” LDL cholesterol may also be reduced by up to 50%.

One study also showed that consuming 2–3 glasses of dealcoholized red wine per day may lower blood pressure.

Many studies have shown that moderate wine drinkers are at a lower risk of death from heart disease, compared to non-drinkers or beer and spirit drinkers.

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