What To Do
If you or someone else is experiencing a heart attack
Or contact your community emergency number. If any immediate medical help is unavailable, have someone else near your home take you to a nearby hospital.
Chew and swallow an aspirin
If prescribed by doctor, chew and swallow an aspirin except if you’re not allergic to it.
If breathless, sit up. If feeling faint, lie down.
If the person is unconscious, begin CPR immediately. If you don’t know how, have someone else who is skilled to do it or tell the 911 dispatcher or another emergency medical specialist. They will provide you instructions on how to do CPR.
If you don’t know how to do CPR, do chest compressions instead. Doctors recommend performing about 100 to 120 compressions a minute. The dispatcher can also guide you with the proper procedures.
How to carry out cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Put the heel of your hand at the center of the person’s chest and your other hand on top of your first hand. Then interlock your fingers.
Press straight down by 5-6cm on their chest using your body weight and not just your arms.
Keep doing this until help arrives.
If you or someone else have angina or chest pains
Discontinue any activity
Stop what you’re doing and rest.
If the pain or breathlessness don’t ease, phone 911.
If you are not allergic to aspirin, chew one adult tablet (300mg). It’s especially effective if taken within 30 minutes of the onset of symptoms. If aspirin is unavailable or when unsure if you are allergic to it, rest until the ambulance arrives. Do not drive yourself to the hospital.
Signs and Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease
Angina or Chest Pains
- Burning Sensation
- Chest pain
Pressure, tightness, crushing pain, heaviness
- Upper body pain
Shoulders, neck or arms, jaws or throat
- Face seems gray
- Perspiration and clammy skin
- Fatigue or tiredness
- Swelling in legs, ankles, feet, and abdomen
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm
- Weight gain
- Lack of appetite and nausea