What To Do

Signs and Symptoms

What To Do

If you or someone else is experiencing a heart attack

Call 911

Or contact your community emergency number. If any immediate medical help is unavailable, have someone else near your home take you to a nearby hospital.

Chew and swallow an aspirin

If prescribed by doctor, chew and swallow an aspirin except if you’re not allergic to it.

If breathless, sit up. If feeling faint, lie down.

Begin CPR

If the person is unconscious, begin CPR immediately. If you don’t know how, have someone else who is skilled to do it or tell the 911 dispatcher or another emergency medical specialist. They will provide you instructions on how to do CPR.

If you don’t know how to do CPR, do chest compressions instead. Doctors recommend performing about 100 to 120 compressions a minute. The dispatcher can also guide you  with the proper procedures.

How to carry out cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

Step 1

Put the heel of your hand at the center of the person’s chest and your other hand on top of your first hand. Then interlock your fingers.

Step 2

Press straight down by 5-6cm on their chest using your body weight and not just your arms.

Step 3

Keep doing this until help arrives.

If you or someone else have angina or chest pains

Discontinue any activity

Stop what you’re doing and rest.

Call 911

If the pain or breathlessness don’t ease, phone 911.

Chew aspirin

If you are not allergic to aspirin, chew one adult tablet (300mg). It’s especially effective if taken within 30 minutes of the onset of symptoms. If aspirin is unavailable or when unsure if you are allergic to it, rest until the ambulance arrives. Do not drive yourself to the hospital.

Signs and Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease

Angina or Chest Pains

Chest Signs and Symptoms

  • Aching
  • Burning Sensation
  • Discomfort  
  • Fullness
  • Heaviness
  • Pressure
  • Squeezing

Heart Attack

Signs and Symptoms

  • Chest pain
    Pressure, tightness, crushing pain, heaviness
  • Upper body pain
    Shoulders, neck or arms, jaws or throat
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Breathlessness
  • Light-headedness
  • Face seems gray
  • Perspiration and clammy skin
  • Restlessness
  • Coughing

Heart Failure

Signs and Symptoms

  • Breathlessness
  • Fatigue or tiredness
  • Swelling in legs, ankles, feet, and abdomen
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm
  • Weight gain
  • Lack of appetite and nausea


Heart palpitations

Weakness or dizziness



Faster heartbeat

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