Uncontrollable


Physical


Lifestyle


Uncontrollable Risk Factors

Age

As you grow older your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries rises.


Gender

This risk of coronary heart disease for women increases after menopause while men are 3 to 5 times more likely to have it than women.

Family History

Families with close relatives that are diagnosed with heart disease will get a higher risk of getting coronary heart disease. If the father or brother is the one diagnosed with a heart disease, the risk is higher and more likely to die before the age of 55 and if the mother or sister is the one diagnosed, they are more likely to die at 65.

Physical Risk Factors

Overweight and Obesity

People with overabundance of body fat mainly around the waist are more likely to develop heart disease and stroke even without other risk factors. A BMI greater than 22 is considered overweight and a BMI more than 30 is considered obese which is more likely to be at risk of heart disease. A BMI of below 18.5 is considered underweight. A woman with a BMI greater than 21 is prone to cardiovascular complications.

To compute you BMI, first, multiply your height in meters squared. Then, divide your weight in kilograms to your height.
See for mula below:

You can also find out your risk of developing heart disease based from your waist measurement.

Hypertension

Characterized to have a blood pressure level of 140 and above.

Diabetes

Coronary Heart Disease is more likely to develop higher in diabetic people.

High Blood Cholesterol

Fatty buildups in the arteries are caused by excess low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or the bad cholesterol.

Lifestyle Risk Factors

Smoking

  • Due to nicotine present in cigarettes, it can raise blood pressure
  • The blood vessels and the heart itself will be damage.
  • The amount of oxygen carried by the blood will be reduced due to carbon monoxide.
  • There will be an increase in clotting in the artery.
  • The increase of fatty deposits will also increase in the artery.
  • High-density lipoprotein cholesterol or good cholesterol that are responsible in removing excess low-density lipoprotein cholesterol bad cholesterol will decrease.
  • Coronary artery spasm (the sudden tightening of the muscles in the heart) will increase.
  • Sudden cardiac death are 2 to 3 times higher among smokers than non-smokers.
  • A heart attack is more likely to happen among female smokers than male smokers.


Physical and Emotional Stress

  • Tightening of the arteries can be triggered due to physical and emotional stress.
  • Overworking can be brought about by physical and emotional stress.
  • Increase level of stress due to insufficient sleep.
  • When dealing with different kinds of emotional specifically, getting extremely angry,  frightened or excited can increase blood pressure.
  • Loud snoring or sleep apnea is a disorder that can make a person’s breathing stop and starts while sleeping. This may possibly lead to coronary artery disease due to the sudden drop of oxygen levels, increase blood pressure and the pressure in the cardiovascular system.
  • Preeclampsia occurs among pregnant women.  It can cause high amount of protein present in urine and the increase in blood pressure that can lead to a heart disease.
  • The estrogen level decreases among women who have already experienced menopause. When the estrogen level decreases, women will have a higher risk of getting a heart disease.
  • An increase of homocysteine. Homocysteine is an amino acid commonly found in the body. Getting high level of homocysteine may increase a person’s risk of obtaining coronary artery disease. This may be caused by the lack of folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin b6. This may also be hereditary.
  • High triglyceride is a type of lipid fat found in the blood. High levels of triglyceride will increase the risk of getting coronary artery disease. Drinking a lot of alcohol, obesity, poorly controlled diabetes and consuming more calories regularly (that’s hard to burn) can be a few causes of it.

Heavy Alcohol Use

  • No more than 1 drink of alcohol should women intake in a day.
  • While no more than 2 drinks of alcohol should men intake in a day.
  • Triglyceride level and blood pressure may increase due to heavy alcohol intake.
  • Heavy alcohol intake can cause heart muscle damage.


Unhealthy Diet and Eating Habits

  • Increase blood pressure level is the effect of consuming too much salt or sodium.
  • Consuming too much saturated fats, cholesterol and transfat makes up an unhealthy diet.

Physical Inactivity

  • The lack of physical exertion can increase a person’s risk in developing heart diseases.

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